In this article, I would like to show you the most popular landmarks of the England’s Capital, London. You may have seen some of them already but I believe the rest will come as a surprise.
London Eye was finished in 1999, and is also called the Millennium Wheel. It was the biggest Ferris wheel of its time, and still remains the biggest in Europe. It cost the UK’s government 70 million pounds, that’s about 350 million Zlotys by today’s conversion, and it measures 135 meters in height, while having 122m in diameter. It has been featured in the first episode of “Doctor Who” show, a popular British TV series.
Big Ben is probably the most recognized landmark of London, and many people believe it’s the name of the clock – they couldn’t be more wrong. It’s the nickname of the Great Bell of the actual clock, which is located at the north end of Palace of Westminster. The tower’s official name is Elizabeth Tower, and it was completed in 1858.
Tower of London, also called Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress is a historic castle in central London. The White Tower was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and further expanded during the next centuries. The castle took its name from the tower, and now it takes up 12 acres of space. The highest point of the White Tower is 27 meters tall.
London Dungeon opened in 1974 and was initially designed as a museum of macabre history. It was supposed to showcase the various torture methods and the dark side of medieval England for the modern youth. It now uses a mix of live actors, special effects and rides to do it. It has moved in 2013, changing location from Tooley Street to a place near County Hall, by London Eye.
Thames House is a Grade II listed building in Millbank London. Listed buildings in the United Kingdom are buildings that hold immense historical value of sorts – there are three grades, I, II* and II. An example of Grade I is the Buckingham Palace, about which we’ll talk later. Back on topic, Thames House was originally used as offices by the ICI – Imperial Chemical Industries (Dulux) – but has served as the UK Security Service (MI5) headquarters since December 1994. It has been featured in the “Torchwood” series, a spin-off of “Doctor Who”.
Tower Bridge was built between 1886 and 1894 and is a combination of a bascule and suspension bridge. It crosses the River Thames and is positioned near the Tower of London. It consists of two towers that have been “tied” together. It’s 244 meters in total length, 61 meters in the longest span.
Buckingham Palace is a Grade I listed building as mentioned earlier, and is the London residence and principal workplace of the monarchy of the UK. It’s located in the City of Westminster and was built in 1703. It has been a focus for the British people at times of national rejoicing.
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities. It has been founfed by the sculptor Marie Tussaud and has become major tourist attraction in London. The museum dispays waxworks of historical and royal figures, movie stars, sports stars and infamous murderers, such as Guy Fawkes. It’s owned by Merlin Entertainments, the second largest company in the entertainment industry, right after Disney.
And the last landmark, Houses of Parliament – the meeting place of the House of Commons (Izba Gminna) and the House of Lords (Izba Lordów). Its official known as Palace of Westminster, and it has been demolished in 1834 due to fire and was rebuilt between 1840 and 1870.
That’s it for today and I hope you’ve enjoyed the article.